The Diabetes Gene JAZF1 Is Essential for the Homeostatic Control of Ribosome Biogenesis and Function in Metabolic Stress

New paper by the Stoffel lab on "The Diabetes Gene JAZF1 Is Essential for the Homeostatic Control of Ribosome Biogenesis and Function in Metabolic Stress" published in Cell Reports.

Highlights

  • JAZF1 localizes in the nucleus in high-glucose and metabolic stress conditions
  • JAZF1 mediates metabolic stress via endoplasmic reticulum and p53 stress pathways
  • JAZF1 regulates ribosome biogenesis and aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases
  • JAZF1 is a direct negative regulator of insulin gene transcription

Summary

The ability of pancreatic B-cells to respond to increased demands for insulin during metabolic stress critically depends on proper ribosome homeostasis and function. Excessive and long-lasting stimulation of insulin secretion can elicit endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, unfolded protein response, and B-cell apoptosis. Here we show that the diabetes susceptibility gene JAZF1 is a key transcriptional regulator of ribosome biogenesis, global protein, and insulin translation. JAZF1 is excluded from the nucleus, and its expression levels are reduced upon metabolic stress and in diabetes. Genetic deletion of Jazf1 results in global impairment of protein synthesis that is mediated by defects in ribosomal protein synthesis, ribosomal RNA processing, and aminoacyl-synthetase expression, thereby inducing ER stress and increasing B-cell susceptibility to apoptosis. Importantly, JAZF1 function and its pleiotropic actions are impaired in islets of murine T2D and in human islets exposed to metabolic stress. Our study identifies JAZF1 as a central mediator of metabolic stress in B-cells.

Read the Publication in Cell Reports (Open Access)

Website Stoffel Lab

Graphical abstract, highlights, summary & title from Kobiita A. et al. (2020) Cell Reports published under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License.